Stem Cells Treatments

Hair Transplants Using Stem Cells

Stem cells are unique kind of cells. Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can differentiate into specialized cells that are able to regenerate themselves continuously. These cells exist all over the human body; its task is to resist diseases, rehabilitation of damages, re-grow important cells and takes the necessary measures for hair and skin to grow.

Recently experts in the fields of science and biology have conducted many studies and unprecedented experiments on hair growth; these studies and experiments document the important role stem cells have in repairing the responsible cells for hair growth when it comes to people who suffer from hair loss or baldness by inventing a new cure and a new technique in the field of hair transplant, which is hair transplants using stem cells.

Stem cells exist mainly in bone marrow in the human body; they are also spread all over the body moving around the systems and organs in the body in order to renew its functions and sometimes they stay inactive for a long period of time.

The main goal of stem cells is to defend and preserve the body as well as compensating for the dead cells.

Work Mechanism

Treatment Using Stem Cells

Treatment Using Stem Cells

Stem cells are the only cells in the human body that can evolve into a different kind of cells, because they can divide and differentiate into different cells. This makes it the most versatile and the most known cell in the human vital system.

The lack of cell regeneration is the cause behind many known diseases. These diseases and other medical conditions-including hair loss- are caused by the shortage that occurs in the numbers of stem cells.

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The History of Hair Transp

The History of Hair Transplant

How did hair transplant start?

The first hair transplant procedure for males took place in the United States of America in 1952. A scientist published a study under the title “the dominance of the donor site” to explain the main principal for hair transplant which is based on the notion that transplanted hair behave the same the original hair. In other words hair taken from donor sites –the areas on the back and the two sides of the patient’s head- and put in the frontal areas of the patient’s head continues to grow as if it is still in its original position. Unfortunately this discovery was far from reality and the results of hair transplant procedures remained not guaranteed for years to follow.

First Years

First hair transplant procedures were conducted using 4 ml grafts, this technique continued for many years in spite the fact it did not provide satisfactory results. The demand on this procedure continued because it was the only option for people who suffer from baldness.

The Beginning of Evolution

The technique of using wide grafts continued throughout the seventies of the past century, not until 1984 that doctors started using 2-1 ml grafts. In the nineties of the twentieth century in the year 1995 a new technique was brought to the field of hair transplant which is called Follicular Unit Transplantation or FUT, this technique requires a significant increase in the skills of both the doctor and his team. Doctors reluctantly acknowledged the FUT technique at the beginning of the third millennium.

The History of Hair Transplant

A Hair Transplant Conducted in 1955


The Major Leap in the Field

In the year 2005 doctors revolutionized the field of hair transplant by discovering the Follicular unit extraction method known as FUE.

Unsuccessful Hair Transplant Procedures

Using laser in hair transplant procedures, or using laser to make the punctures in the area where grafts are going to be planted. This technique was introduced in the year 1990 as the ultimate technology in the field of hair transplant procedures, but after testing it for a small period of time it was obvious that it was causing huge damage to the skin. It was not validated to be used in the hair transplant procedures in the year 1996 due to its lack of efficiency and the huge damage it causes the scalp. Unfortunately many patients have been hurt because of this technique.

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Donor Site

The Donor Site for Hair Transplant

The donor site for hair transplant is considered an extremely important condition to perform the procedure of hair transplant. Without a donor site with good density a hair transplant procedure cannot be performed. Donor sites are the areas where hair and hair roots, that are to be used in the transplant, are available.

Hair Donor Site

Hair taken from these areas continues to grow normally and permanently in its new position. These sites are never affected by the Androgen hormone.

Donor Sites in FUE and FUT Techniques

The FUT technique that has been previously used by doctors used to leave a noticeable linear scar in the donor site in a form of a horizontal line that extends between the ears. When it comes to the FUE technique there are no scars. Hair roots are extracted and removed individually one by one leaving no marks on the scalp using a micrometer with micro heads.

Shaving the Donor Site Prior to the Hair Transplant Procedure

Shaving the patient’s hair is one of the things to do prior to the hair transplant procedure, but it is also up to the patient to decide, as it is possible to only shave the areas where the roots are going to be extracted from. But most patients prefer to remove all of their hair as does the doctor so that he can extract roots in a better way.

Does Hair Grow Back in the Donor Site after the Transplant is Done?

Donor Site

During the hair transplant procedure healthy and intact roots that contain more than one hair mostly -4 hairs in a follicle are extracted; in order to achieve a higher density rate and to lessen the sacrifice of the donor site. And because these roots are fully extracted it impossible for the hair to grow back again and cover the spaces in the donor site.

Donor Site after the Transplant is Done

After harvesting the roots the donor area is sterilized and well dressed in order to prevent any infection or hemorrhage due to external factors or any other side effects. Patients are also provided with antibiotics and pain killers after the procedure in case of feeling pain or irritation in the donor site after the anesthetic effect is gone. The dressing is removed on the second day of the procedure, after that the donor area is medically cleansed to get rid of the peels and blood clots in these areas which will eventually disappear in two weeks.

Weak Donor Sites

Occasionally some donor areas don’t have enough amounts of roots and suffer from low hair density, the roots may have only one hair, or the hair might be too soft and too thin. Other cases when the patient wants to go under second hair transplant procedure and his/ her donor site has no more roots to offer, in these cases patients have to accept and cope with the reality, because if they went on and made that adventure to go under another hair transplant procedure this may backfire; some areas may be covered on the expense of other areas. It is always preferable to consult the specialized doctor to know whether the donor areas have good density prior to operation.

Hair Transplant Using Body Hair

Hair Transplants Using Body Hair

Doctors do not advise hair transplant using body hair and they have all the medical reasons to justify that. Still hair transplants using body hair is possible in the following cases:

  • When hair is so thin in the donor area and thus the donor area is not considered a donor area any more.
  • For final completions in the field of beard, mustache and eyebrows hair transplant procedures
  • To mend the scars in the scalp, usually appear after a hair transplant procedure.

The followed procedure in the field of hair transplant using body hair is extracting follicles from other body parts for the patients who suffer from weakness in their donor areas in the scalp.

In such cases body hair can be used from other body parts like chest, beard, back and legs, and consequently the more body hair density you have the more it makes you eligible for a hair transplant procedure using body hair.


The Technique Used in Hair Transplants using Body Hair

In standard hair transplant procedures hair grafts are extracted from the patient’s donor area in the back of his/her head, which usually have high hair density. In transplants using body hair doctors extract grafts from other parts of the body. Hair grafts are going to be extracted directly from the donor area under local anesthesia using a small tool that is between 0.75ml and 1ml or a little thicker. The doctor creates a circular incision inside the skin surrounding the graft and then he pulls it out directly from its position and places it in the preserving solution and finally plants it in the receiving area.

Fears Related to Hair Transplant Procedures Using Body Hair

There are some considerable differences between the hair in the scalp and body hair, patients should be aware of these differences before going under the hair transplant procedure. The most affecting factors are the containing environment for the transplanted hair, color and thickness or hair structure.

There are four major concerns for patients who are receiving hair transplants using body hair

These fears are:

  • The difference in structure between scalp hair and body hair.
  • The process of removing body hair.
  • The incompatibility between scalp hair and body hair.
  • Hair death in two or three years after the procedure.

The disadvantage of this kind of procedures is usually that body hair has a lower quality than the hair in the scalp; this is due to the fact that the structure of hair in the scalp is more coherent than the hair around the body. In order to have a successful result after a hair transplant using body hair you need to plant more hair than you really need.

The degree of compatibility is so important as well in order to have the best possible result. You have also to remember that the success rates of hair transplants using body hair are less than those of the procedures that use donor areas from the scalp. The main cause for this is that body hair is not as restricted as the scalp hair. For example we took 2000 grafts from the body it is possible to get only 1000 healthy grafts. Normally in hair transplant procedures where the donor are is the interior area of the patient’s head we get 2000 out of 2000, that is why doctors recommend procedures where hair is extracted from the donor area in the scalp.

What are the benefits of transplant procedures using body hair?

It provides good density to cover a considerable space of the bold area.

Hair transplant Using Body Hair

Side Effects

The main source of concern for many patients who want to go under the hair transplant procedure using body hair is whether they are going to have obvious scars in the body donor area after the procedure. In fact there are going to be some stitches and scars in the donor area but these will heal within weeks. Here you can read about the other side effects to this procedure.

Hair Transplant Using Body Hair

The difference in Structure Between body hair and Scalp Hair


Doctors do not recommend hair transplant procedures using body hair as long as there isn’t an urgent for it. Doctors’ priority is trying to get grafts from the donor area in the head which is usually located on the back and on the two sides of the head.

After the Hair Transplant

Pieces of Advice after the Hair Transplant Procedure

Most patients feel a little pain after the hair transplant procedure which is controllable with pain killers. It is a mild pin that is considered as a temporary side effect of the hair transplant procedure.

First Day and Week after the Hair Transplant Procedure

The first day after the procedure baby shampoos or any other mild shampoos can be used as a primary procedure. The pressure of the shower should be low, or preferably the patient should use the traditional technique in washing their hair by using a cup.

The most important thing is to wash hair gently and the water used should be warm or even a little cold with low running water pressure using an adjustable shower tap or better by using a cup to wash the area.

After the Hair Transplant Procedure

After the Hair Transplant Procedure

Tips for Taking Care of your Hair after the Transplant Procedure

Try not to touch the planted area with your fingers and anything else in the first three days after the hair transplant procedure. In the fourth day after the procedure you can apply the shampoo and rub it with the tips of your fingers gently and in a circular movement taking into account the direction of the hair transplant.

After the hair transplant procedure do not cover your hair and leave it to the dry hair. Do not use hair dryers or any other tools or hair products in the proceeding days to the procedure. When combing your hair make sure that the comb does not come in contact with the transplanted follicles.

You can go back to your old shampoo ten days after the procedure or according to the doctor’s orders.

Follow all directions given to you by the treating doctor after the procedure on how to use the hair dryer, shaving, hair dying or using chemical treatments and when it possible to use Rogaine.

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Hair Growth After The Procedure

When does Hair Start Growing after the Hair Transplant Procedure?

The Growth of the Transplanted Hair

After the first couple days after the procedure patients start to wonder about when their new hair is going to grow. Patients usually panic when they don’t see any growth of the transplanted hair in the first three after the procedure and start thinking that the procedure was a complete failure. You do not need to worry; it is natural for these things to happen. Even the transplanted hair starts falling off in this stage.

Factors that Affect Hair Growth after a Hair Transplant Procedure

planted follicles have different growth rates due to many factors most importantly the method used in the procedure and the place these follicles are planted, for example follicles in the frontal head area grow faster than those in the interior area of the head because this area includes a limited number of arteries and blood vessels that are responsible for nourishing the hair therefore hair follicles in this area do not receive enough nourishment and consequently its growth rates are slower than the remaining areas.

Hair Growth After the Procedure

Hair Growth After the Procedure

Hair Transplant procedure-Hair Growth Rates

The following results have been extracted from studies and statistics conducted on many patients who went under the hair the transplant procedure.

  • 1% of patients start growing hair immediately after the procedure.
  • 5% of patients do not start growing hair until the 8th month after the procedure.
  • 94% of patients start growing hair gradually after the hair falls off. In the first three months hair grows gradually of about 30% of its texture. In the fourth month 40% of its texture so on so forth until the hair rates are achieved at the end of the first year after the procedure.

In conclusion patients should not hasten result, because true and final results will show up with time.

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The Number of Hair Grafts

Medical Consultations via the Internet

Obtaining medical Consultations via the internet regarding the number of follicles to planted

Hair fall and baldness are the most two common problems that most men suffer from and worry about. As soon as a person sees that the amount of hair residing on the comb has increased over the usual amount, the phobia of hair loss starts to haunt them every time they stood in front of the mirror. You find them running to drug stores, doctors, and sometimes barbers to find a cure. When hope is lost to find a medication all eyes turns to the hair transplant procedure. Patients usually head to the internet in order to calculate the number of follicles they need and the consultations about the needed numbers start all via the internet.

Sending Photos to Get an Estimated Number of Grafts to be Planted

As soon as a patient visits one of the websites for specialized doctors in the field of hair transplant the first question they look for an answer to is: what is the number of follicles needed for a hair transplant?

Without sending pictures neither the doctor nor the mediator would be able to examine the case, calculate follicles or even to decide whether the case is operable or not.

Even after sending pictures to the doctor the final diagnosis is not going to be as exact as it is when the patient visits the clinic in person and make a face to face interview with the doctor. Hence calculating the number of follicles through pictures is only a guess.

Pictures do not Show What is under the Skin

As said earlier the pictures that are sent to the doctor or to the mediator help in making only a guess about the needed number of follicles, these numbers are not accurate. So the diagnosis is an initial one made according to what the pictures show. The exact number of follicles to be planted is determined in the advisory session with the doctor and after a thorough medical examination for the scalp using all the necessary tools. Patients are asked to send the pictures in order to determine which case is operable and which case is not.

The Thicker the Hair the Better

The nature of human hair differs from one person to another, some have straight hair some have curly hair, others may have thick hair others may have it thin. But what role do hair quality and type plays when it comes to the number of follicles and the density of the transplant?

Usually the doctor chooses the healthy grafts that contain 2-4 hairs in one root; generally speaking the thicker the hair; the better the density using a smaller number of follicles which also reduces the lost numbers of roots in the donor site.

Degrees of Baldness and the Qualified Cases for Hair Transplant:

After the doctor takes the medical condition for the patient under consideration along with making sure that the patient is physically fit to go under the hair transplant procedure and confirming that he/she doesn’t suffer from any chronic diseases or any other diseases that may have negative effects on the hair transplantation, here comes the expected results of the hair transplant procedure and of course with regards to the degree of baldness the patient suffers from.

Here are the seven degrees of baldness:

First degree: the possibility of 100% coverage of the bald area.

Second degree: the possibility of 100% coverage of the bald area.

Third degree: the possibility of 100% coverage of the bald area.

Fourth degree: the possibility of 100% coverage of the bald area.

Fifth degree: the possibility of 100% coverage of the frontal area, 30% coverage of the back area with the possibility of covering the remaining area while combing the hair.

Sixth degree: the possibility of only 60% coverage. Not recommended.

Seventh degree: the procedure is not recommended and the patient should accept this reality with hopes for progress in the field of hair cloning.

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